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Research Projects in Progress

Support for Czech participation of the agrarian sector research organizations in the international research
Solving of a project „Support for Czech participation of the agrarian sector research organizations in the international research“ started 1.2.2017. The project is financed from the programme of international cooperation in research and development INTER-EXCELLENCE, sub-programme INTER-INFORM. It is managed under registration number LTI17006. Coordinator of the project is Agrovýzkum Rapotín, Ltd., one member of the project team is company Agricultural Research, Ltd. Project solving time is from 1.2.2017 to 31.12.2020. More information could be found at www pages of the project.

Revitalisation of agricultural land in the areas of the Czech Republic endangered by drought
Coordinator: Mendel University in Brno
Investigator: Mgr. Tomáš Vymyslický, Ph.D.
Supported by: Technology Agency of the Czech Republic
Time of solving: 2017–2020
Summary: The aim of the project is the use of auxiliary soil substances and perspective technologies to improve the parameters of damaged soils in arid areas of the Czech Republic and increased Biodiversity in these areas. A model plot of a degraded farmland in the Hodonín region will be used for testing the application of top-quality lignite from local sources combined with moisture absorbents, which shall improve the physical and chemical properties of the soil and conditions for vegetation growth. The project will also test the WASP technology based on special pellet-like treatment of seed that helps to increase its germination rate. In the conditions of arid environment without irrigation this could be a significant improvement applicable in both production and non-production agriculture.

Innovation of integrated pest management of oilseed rape to reduce negative effects of current cultivation technology
Coordinator: The Crop Research Institute
Investigator: Ing. Pavel Kolařík
Supported by: Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, QJ1610217
Time of solving: 1.4.2016 – 31.12.2018
Summary: The aim of the project is to recommend innovative methods of effective pest regulation in oilseed rape reducing negative effects of current practices on the environment, on biodiversity and natural enemies. The recommended methods would help to avert negative impact of pest control in oilseed rape causing contamination of pollen and honey by pesticides residues.
 

The decrease of the risk at the growing of oilseed poppy
Coordinator: OSEVA Development and Research Ltd.
Investigator: Ing. Pavel Kolařík
Supported by: Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, QJ1510014
Time of solving: 2015 – 2018
Summary: The project aim is to improve the growing technology of oilseed poppy for the maximal decrease of stress influence and optimalised environmental protection. To use the new signal and diagnostic methods for the staining of individual pest thresholds and using the knowledges of pest life cycles connected to the course of meteorological factors to forecast the suitable (needful) treatment terms for the main pests and diseases. The improved protection causes the decrease of the growing costs. To optimalise the plant nutrition using the modern application of the fertilizers.
 

Innovation of methods for establishment, management and plant protection of perennial grass and legume seed crops
Coordinator: Mendel University in Brno
Investigator: Ing. Daniela Knotová
Supported by: Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Time of solving: 2015 – 2018
Summary: The aim project is to design or improve some existing elements of integrated protection of perennial forage species on arable land and on permanent grasslands. The project will focus primarily on modern phytosanitary measures leading ultimately to improve the quality of harvested products (seeds, forage) with higher economic efficiency of the end user.
 

New environmental friendly technology of liquid digestate treatment.
Coordinator: Agricultural Research, Ltd.
Investigator: RNDr. Jan Nedělník, Ph.D.
Supported by: Technology Agency of the Czech Republic
Time of solving: 2014–2017
Summary: Agriculture Research, Ltd. together with agriKomp Bohemia, a.s. (project partner) are working together to  develop a new technology for chemical treatment and subsequent division fugatami on the liquid component - water and solid component (concentrated fugatami). Water will be supplied to the existing water clearing station or drained directly into the river, concentrated fugatami will be mixed with a fixed output from digestate separator and used as a high quality fertilizer, used as bedding for housed livestock or composting and reclamation.
The current technology requires  large storage tanks for storage and liquid fraction and subsequently huge tankers for soil application. The new technology will spare storage cost, transport cost and will enable more efficient and environmental friendly application of fertilization.


Different ways of vineyard greening and management and their influence on reduction of soil erosion and quality of production.

Coordinator: Mendel University in Brno
Investigator: Mgr. Tomáš Vymyslický
Supported by: Technology Agency of the Czech Republic
Time of solving: 2014–2017
Summary: The aim of the project is the development and testing of new cover crops mixtures intended for use in vineyards in organic and integrated production in the Czech Republic. Species-rich mixtures both for inter-rows and for space under grape plants will serve to promote biodiversity in vineyards. The goal will be a positive effect of cover crops mixtures on physical and chemical soil properties, growth and development of the grape plants, yield and quality of grapes and wines. Proposed cover crops mixtures will be tested in the wine-growing enterprises in organic and integrated production. Testing of different cover crops mixtures will last for three years. Based on three-year evaluation of the proposed mixtures their final composition will be specified considering specific soil and climatic conditions (utility models). Suitable technologies of planting and a system of stand treatments will be proposed (certified methodology, certified technologies). An important goal will be the positive environmental effect, preserving or enhancing the biodiversity of fauna and flora in the vineyards. The positive effect of legumes, as atmospheric nitrogen fixators, on the consumption of nitrogenous fertilizers and thus effective management of mineral nutrition will be emphasized.

The introduction of appropriate procedures that minimize negative impacts on insect pollinators and other beneficial organisms in fruit production technology and the development of methods for increasing the efficiency of pollination (TH01030787)
Coordinator: Crop Research Institute cri
Investigator: Ing. Karel Vejražka, Ph.D.
Supported by: Technology Agency of the Czech Republic
Time of solving: 2015–2018

Summary: The main aims of the project are i. natural expansion of Buff-tailed Bumblebee populations of domestic origin to the czech orchards, ii. the risk assessment of neonicotinoids used to protect the fruit for studied pollinators in relation to degree of degradation/cumulation of these substances in the pollen harvest, iii. introduction of methods of the fruit protection, friendly to insect pollinators and other beneficial organisms, to the fruit production technology. Related objective is the implementation of appropriate procedures for the use of insect pollinators in modern systems technology of integrated fruit production and increase certainty of pollination with special attention to planting using protective cover, nets or foils.
 

The technology of integrated hop production

Coordinator: Crop Research Institute cri
Investigator: Ing. Karel Vejražka, Ph.D.
Supported by: Technology Agency of the Czech Republic
Time of solving: 2014–2017
Summary: The aim of this project is to obtain new information for the technology of integrated hop production on high and low trellis. The technology of integrated hop production will be based on: i) innovation of integrated pest management against economically important pests and diseases with preferred applications of environment friendly biopesticides minimizing occurrence of pesticide residues in hop cones, ii) optimized fertilization reducing washing out of nutrients into surface water and groundwater resources, iii) replacement of the traditional fallow black ground systems by the introduction of flowering plants in the inter-row increasing humus content, biodiversity, occurrence of natural enemies of pests, and reducing soil erosion, soil overcomapction and the intensity of fertilization.


Development and optimization methods for the determination of biogenic amines in response to increasing health security of silage
Coordinator: Mendel University in Brno
Investigator: Ing. Daniela Knotová
Supported by: Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Time of solving: 2013–2017
Summary: The aims of project is increase the production potential of agricultural crops and livestock, to introduce new methods, processes and systems to increase the competitiveness of Czech agriculture, not least, to introduce management systems to limit the negative impact of climate change. The aims will be achieved by improving the quality of health and safety of forage through the use of different species of perennial legumes and grasses and timely capture of canning feed containing biogenic amines. Hypothesis: Early detection of conserved feed contaminated with biogenic amines and clostridia will reduce economic losses to farm and contribute to the profitability of primary agricultural production.

 

National programme of conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources and agro-biodiversity
Coordinator: Research Institute of Crop Production, Praha-Ruzyně
Investigator: Ing. Daniela Knotová
Supported by: Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Time of solving: 2017–2021
Summary:
Within the framework of the research project „National Programme on Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources and Agro-biodiversity“ the sub-stage „Gene-pool of leguminous fodder plants“ is solved. The main aim of this project is collecting, testing and describing of leguminous species according to available descriptors. Available varieties, ecotypes and wild forms are collected, sown, tested and described. Among the tested and described species are Medicago sativa, Medicago spp., Trifolium pratense, T. repens, Trifolium spp. and other fodder crops. Also meadow species, some wild-growing endangered species and rare weed species are collected. All the seed samples are preserved in the national gene bank in the Research Institute of Plant Production in Praha-Ruzyně and they are used in the joint projects.
The main testing and evaluation species are Medicago spp., Trifolium pratense, T. repens and Trifolium spp. and other forage species. Available varieties, ecotypes and landraces are evaluation. In this time the collection of our institute have 3221 items with passports dates and from these items 2345 are available.  1631 items have the descriptive dates and 2337 items is in the store of seed samples. Previously stored genetic resources can be found on the website of gene bank in VÚRV Praha - Ruzyně: http://genbank.vurv.cz/genetic/resources/asp2/default_c.htm.
 
The representation of passport dates of available items in the group forage
 


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